Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, who signed the agreement on behalf of China, said the agreement was rooted in “equality and mutual respect” and defended his country`s economic model in his statements. The deal was attacked by Democratic leaders, including Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, who criticized the deal for failing to address Chinese state-owned enterprises and industrial subsidies. He suggested that President Xi was laughing privately from the United States and that China had “brought President Trump to the cleaning staff.” A 2019 statement by the National Association of Manufacturers has made its opposition to the trade war a right that calls for a new structure for U.S.-China trade relations that would eliminate China`s unfair trade practices and allow U.S. producers to create a level playing field.  A 2018 Politico article documented the close partnership between NAM President Jay Timmons and President Trump and said Timmons was fighting the trade war from within Trump.  On August 14, 2019, the Dow fell 800 points, in part due to rising trade tensions between the United States and China.  Nine days later, on August 23, the Dow fell 623 points on the day Trump informally ordered U.S. companies to immediately seek alternatives to do business in China.   At the end of 2019, stock markets reached record levels after increasing due to the agreement between the United States and China on the signing of the first phase of a trade agreement.
  In the wake of the Galwan Valley turmoil in 2020, Indian commentators referred to the trade war between the United States and China as part of their comprehensive analysis of the impact of the skirmish on future relations between India and China.         The United States and China must resume negotiations on important policies that are not affected by the first phase agreement. Trump`s trade war has failed to address what really concerns U.S.-China trade relations. It is time for a new approach. From the beginning, an additional $200 billion in sales to China were a worrying goal. Nearly 30% of U.S. merchandise exports to China are not even covered by the Phase One agreement. And for those who covered the agreement, a review of 15 product groups shows that their sales to China have been influenced by various factors, including plane crashes, epidemics of outbreaks, export controls, World Trade Organization (WTO) legal decisions, the lingering effects of trade war tariffs and the pandemic. In his January 2020 trade deal with China, President Donald Trump argued that his trade war with China was a success. In its self-proclaimed “historic” agreement, China committed to purchase other U.S.
goods and services in 2020 and 2021. Trump even boasted that the deal “could be closer to $300 billion once it`s done.” The two sides did not immediately distribute copies of the agreement in Chinese, which raised the question of whether the translation issues had been fully resolved and whether the final text would be as demanding of the Beijing government in its Chinese version as in the English version. Among the most important issues discussed in the negotiations with China was the question of how to enforce an agreement. After observing the agreements with China that they did not keep their promises, many U.S. experts and leaders were skeptical that the Trump administration could lead China to meet its commitments. China`s monetary policy has been another hot topic, as China has deliberately kept its currency undervalued for years. However, China has moved towards a more market-based exchange rate, but China`s monetary policy is still under close scrutiny. Other issues affecting bilateral trade flows include China`s industrial policy, which